Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done,
On earth
As it is in heaven.


About COR

 COR's Director
 Historic Steering Committee

Current Steering Committee

COR Documents
 Foundation Docs
 Worldview Docs


 Early Days
 More on ICBI
 Inerrancy Statement

 20 Inerrancy Questions

 Intl. Church Council
 Solemn Assembly

 Reformation of America
 Adopting Orgs.
 Resources & Links
 Contact Us

Make a Donation

 e-Sword Home


Falsehoods that Neo-Orthodox and Liberalized Evangelicals Want Us to Believe About the Bible

(Las Traducciones Españolas)

By Dr. Jay Grimstead

Neo-orthodoxy is a thought system that is opposed to the biblical view of reality. These two systems are in competition for the minds of evangelicals living today.

In 1978, a group of theologians met in Chicago, under the banner of the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy (ICBI), to forge a document for Church history that would stand in opposition to the neo-orthodox drift among evangelicals. At the time of that meeting, the theological agenda was being set by neo-orthodox theologians. As with all historic documents of Christianity, the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy grew out of an effort by the leaders of Christianity to gather together by common consent and hammer out a biblical position to stand in opposition to a current heresy.

The ICBI statement was formulated into a set of Affirmations and Denials. As Francis Schaeffer reminds us, in today’s philosophically confused world, where words are distorted, devalued, and deliberately redefined, we cannot be certain that we have been understood unless we say clearly what we do not mean as well as what we do mean.

Among the 19 Articles in the Chicago Statement, Articles III through XIX stand in direct opposition to specific neo-orthodox doctrines which are currently being taught in classes and in the writings of many professors at so-called “evangelical” seminaries in America.

Following is a list of neo-orthodox heresies and false representations that liberal evangelicals want us to believe concerning the Bible. To the right of each heresy, is an Article from the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy that stands in opposition to the heresy. This chart may be useful as a “checklist” by committees seeking to hire staff for churches and organizations to determine if candidates have been “liberalized.” Most neo-orthodox, liberalized evangelical students and pastors do not know they have been influenced as they have and may claim otherwise. This list will be a useful test of their claims.

(See also "Twenty Questions" that will reveal whether you or your church leaders are Orthodox or Neo-Orthodox in their view of Scripture.)

Neo-Orthodox Heresy

Biblical Position (Chicago Statement)

1. The Bible is merely a witness to revelation or becomes revelation in encounter. The Bible itself is not absolute, divine revelation. Black marks on a white page can never be revelation in and of themselves.

Article III
WE AFFIRM that the written Word in its entirety Is revelation given by God.

WE DENY that the Bible is merely a witness to revelation, or only becomes revelation in encounter, or depends on the responses of men for its validity.

2. Human language is inadequate as a vehicle to communicate di­vine, absolute truth.

Article IV
WE AFFIRM that God who made mankind in His image has used language as a means of revelation.

WE DENY that human language is so limited by our creatureliness that it is rendered inadequate as a vehicle for divine revelation. We further deny that the corruption of human culture and language through sin has thwarted God’s work of inspiration.

3. Later revelation sometimes contradicts earlier revelation. Love is often opposed to biblical justice.

Article V
WE AFFIRM that Gods revelation in the Holy Scriptures was progressive.

WE DENY that later revelation, which may fulfill earlier revelation, ever corrects or contradicts it. We further deny that any normative revelation has been given since the completion of the New Testament writings.

4. The Bible is in a certain sense the Word of God (singular) but the words of the Bible are not the Words of God (plural). Though the Bible is in some sense inspired, the exact words and sentences are not inspired in the way Hedge and Warfield stated the case.

Article VI
WE AFFIRM that the whole of Scripture and all its parts, down to the very words of the original, were given by divine inspiration.

WE DENY that the inspiration of Scripture can rightly be affirmed of the whole without the parts, or of some parts but not the whole.

5. The Bible, as a book, is not qualitatively different from any other book. The biblical writers were unusually sensitive to God’s movement in their lives and in the history around them and recorded, as best they could, what they observed without miraculous intervention wherein God was choosing each word.

Article VII
WE AFFIRM that inspiration was the work in which God by His Spirit, through human writers, gave us His Word. The origin of Scripture is divine. The mode of divine inspiration remains largely a mystery to us.

WE DENY that inspiration can be reduced to human insight, or to heightened states of consciousness of any kind.

6. The doctrine of inerrancy as Warfield states it requires that God dictated the sentences and bypassed the personalities of the human authors.

Article VIII
WE AFFIRM that God in His Work of inspiration utilized the distinctive personalities and literary styles of the writers whom He had chosen and prepared.

WE DENY that God, in causing these writers to use the very words that He chose, overrode their personalities.

7. Since to “err is human,” all human writings, including the Bible, are tainted with error, misconceptions, and overstatement or understatement.

Article IX
WE AFFIRM that inspiration, though not conferring omniscience, guaranteed true and trustworthy utterance on all matters of which the Biblical authors were moved to speak and write.

WE DENY that the finitude or fallenness of these writers, by necessity or otherwise, introduced distortion or falsehood into God’s Word.

8. Since the original manuscripts no longer exist, it is a waste of time to even talk of them being errant or inerrant.

Article X
WE AFFIRM that inspiration, strictly speaking, applies only to the autographic text of Scripture, which in the providence of God can be ascertained from available manuscripts with great accuracy. We further affirm that copies and translations of Scripture are the Word of God to the extent that they faithfully represent the original.

WE DENY that any essential element of the Christian faith is affected by the absence of the autographs. We further deny that this absence renders the assertion of biblical inerrancy invalid or irrele­vant.

9. The Bible may be “infallible” but it is not inerrant.

Article XI
WE AFFIRM that Scripture, having been given by divine inspiration, is infallible, so that, far from misleading us, it is true and reliable in all the matters it addresses.

WE DENY that it is possible for the Bible to be at the same time infallible and errant in its assertions. Infallibility and inerrancy may be distinguished, but not separated.

10. The Bible is true in matters of faith and practice, doctrine and morals, but it is not necessarily true when it speaks on matters of interest to history and science.

Article XII
WE AFFIRM that Scripture in its entirety is inerrant, being free from all falsehood, fraud, or deceit.

WE DENY that Biblical infallibility and inerrancy are limited to spiritual, religious, or redemptive themes, exclusive of assertions in the fields of history and sci­ence. We further deny that scientific hypotheses about earth history may properly be used to overturn the teaching of Scripture on creation and the flood.

11. Inerrancy is negated by misspelled words, informal grammar, hyperbole, and round numbers.

Article XIII
WE AFFIRM the propriety of using inerrancy as a theological term with reference to the complete truthfulness of Scripture.

WE DENY that it is proper to evaluate Scripture according to standards of truth and error that are alien to its usage or purpose. We further deny that inerrancy is negated by biblical phenomena such as a lack of modern technical precision, irregularities of grammar or spelling, observational descriptions of nature, the reporting of falsehoods, the use of hyperbole and round numbers, the topical arrangement of material, variant selections of material in parallel accounts, or the use of free citations.

12. If there are no present solutions to apparent contradictions and apparent errors, there never will be such solutions.

Article XIV
WE AFFIRM the unity and internal consistency of Scripture.

WE DENY that alleged errors and discrepancies that have not yet been resolved vitiate the truth claims of the Bible.

13. The Bible does not teach inerrancy.

Article XV
WE AFFIRM that the doctrine of inerrancy is grounded in the teaching of the Bible about inspiration.

WE DENY that Jesus’ teaching about Scripture may be dismissed by appeals to accommodation or to any natural limitation of His humanity.

14. The doctrine of the inerrancy of Scripture is new on the scene of Church history. It was invented by Francis Turretin in the 17th century and was popularized for our century by B. B. Warfield. It was not believed by the early Church, Augustine, the Roman Catholics, or the Reformers.

Article XVI
WE AFFIRM that the doctrine of inerrancy has been integral to the Church’s faith throughout its history.

WE DENY that inerrancy is a doctrine invented by Scholastic Protestantism, or is a reactionary position postulated in response to negative higher criticism.

15. The testimony of the Holy Spirit must work in conjunction with the Written Word in order for it to be Gods Word to us.

Article XVII
WE AFFIRM that the Holy Spirit bears witness to the Scriptures, assuring believers of the truthfulness of God’s written Word.

WE DENY that this witness of the Holy Spirit operates in isolation from or against Scripture.

16. Higher criticism and removing “cultural encrustations” from the text are necessary in order to properly interpret Scripture.

Article XVIII
WE AFFIRM that the text of Scripture is to be interpreted by grammatico-historical exegesis, taking account of its literary forms and devices, and that Scripture is to interpret Scripture.

WE DENY the legitimacy of any treatment of the text or quest for sources lying behind it that leads to relativizing, dehistoricizing, or discounting its teaching, or rejecting its claims to authorship.

17. Inerrancy may be rejected without any serious consequences to the Church or to personal holiness.

Article XIX
WE AFFIRM that a confession of the full authority, infallibility, and inerrancy of Scripture is vital to a sound understanding of the whole of the Christian faith. We further affirm that such confession should lead to increasing conformity to the image of Christ.

WE DENY that such confession is necessary for salvation. However, we further deny that inerrancy can be rejected without grave consequences, both to the individual and to the Church.

The above article originally appeared in Crosswinds magazine, Volume II, Number 2.  Copyright ©1994 Coalition on Revival.




Support this Ministry by Donation


View or print these documents with the  free Acrobat Reader.

Twenty-Four Year Plan
Invitation Brochure


Christian Foundation

Biblical Inerrancy    (Signatories)
42 Worldview Essentials
The Kingdom of God
Manifesto for the Church


Christian Worldview Documents

Worldview Law
Worldview Government
Worldview Social/Political
Worldview Education
Worldview Discipleship
Worldview Medicine
Worldview Psychol/Counseling
Worldview Science/Technology
Worldview Art/Media
Worldview Economics
Worldview Business/ Occupat.
Worldview Evangelism
Worldview Christian Unity
Worldview Family
Worldview Poor/Hurting
Worldview Pastoral Renewal
Worldview Colleges/Universities



Spanish Translations
Las Traducciones Españolas


Other Resources

 Neo-Orthodox Falsehoods
 Leader's Questions


         Locations of visitors to this page

Also see our daughter organization:
The International Church Council Project

Copyright Coalition on Revival 2008.  Please report broken links or errors to the Webmaster.
Web design by: